The Causes and Treatments of Gum Disease

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Gum disease is a dental issue you should take very seriously. It’s one of the most dangerous dental issues in the world today. It typically begins by making your gums red, swollen and tender. Then, as it progresses, it makes the gums recede from the teeth, it forms pockets in the mouth, it infects the smile, it deteriorates the underlying bone and it causes lost teeth.

To help you know more about gum disease, our dentists, Drs. Neuman and Neuman are happy to discuss the causes and treatments of gum disease on our blog today.


The major cause of gum disease is plaque, which is a white, sticky film that sticks to the teeth and gumline. If you fail to remove the plaque daily, it starts to build up and irritate the gums. As time passes, the plaque turns into tartar, which is a very toxic substance. The tartar makes the gums recede from the teeth, infects the pockets and then spreads to the jawbone. There, it deteriorates the bone to cause loose and lost teeth.


For the early stage of gum disease (which is also known as gingivitis), a professional dental cleaning should treat the issue. For the later stage (which is also known as periodontitis), scaling and root planing, laser therapy, bone grafts, gum grafts and other treatments might be necessary to restore your oral health.

Do you have any questions about gum disease in Lexington, Kentucky? If so, please contact our dental team at Bluegrass Periodontics. When you dial 859-252-7726, we will be thrilled to give you the answers and information you’re looking for. We look forward to talking with you!